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Ecological and socioeconomic effects of China's policies for ecosystem services
Liu, Jianguo; Li, Shuxin; Ouyang, Zhiyun; Tam, Christine; Chen, Xiaodong
2008-07-15
发表期刊PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
卷号105期号:28页码:9477-9482
摘要To address devastating environmental crises and to improve human well-being, China has been implementing a number of national policies on payments for ecosystem services. Two of them, the Natural Forest Conservation Program (NFCP) and the Grain to Green Program (GTGP), are among the biggest programs in the world because of their ambitious goals, massive scales, huge payments, and potentially enormous impacts. The NFCP conserves natural forests through logging bans and afforestation with incentives to forest enterprises, whereas the GTGP converts cropland on steep slopes to forest and grassland by providing farmers with grain and cash subsidies. Overall ecological effects are beneficial, and socioeconomic effects are mostly positive. Whereas there are time lags in ecological effects, socioeconomic effects are more immediate. Both the NFCP and the GTGP also have global implications because they increase vegetative cover, enhance carbon sequestration, and reduce dust to other countries by controlling soil erosion. The future impacts of these programs may be even bigger. Extended payments for the GTGP have recently been approved by the central government for up to 8 years. The NFCP is likely to follow suit and receive renewed payments. To make these programs more effective, we recommend systematic planning, diversified funding, effective compensation, integrated research, and comprehensive monitoring. Effective implementation of these programs can also provide important experiences and lessons for other ecosystem service payment programs in China and many other parts of the world.
部门归属城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
关键词Conservation Environment Forests Grassland Sustainability
WOS记录号WOS:000257784700007
引用统计
被引频次:481[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/21830
专题城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Liu, Jianguo,Li, Shuxin,Ouyang, Zhiyun,et al. Ecological and socioeconomic effects of China's policies for ecosystem services[J]. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,2008,105(28):9477-9482.
APA Liu, Jianguo,Li, Shuxin,Ouyang, Zhiyun,Tam, Christine,&Chen, Xiaodong.(2008).Ecological and socioeconomic effects of China's policies for ecosystem services.PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,105(28),9477-9482.
MLA Liu, Jianguo,et al."Ecological and socioeconomic effects of China's policies for ecosystem services".PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 105.28(2008):9477-9482.
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