RCEES OpenIR  > 城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
Ecological and socioeconomic effects of China's policies for ecosystem services
Liu, Jianguo; Li, Shuxin; Ouyang, Zhiyun; Tam, Christine; Chen, Xiaodong
2008-07-15
Source PublicationPROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Volume105Issue:28Pages:9477-9482
AbstractTo address devastating environmental crises and to improve human well-being, China has been implementing a number of national policies on payments for ecosystem services. Two of them, the Natural Forest Conservation Program (NFCP) and the Grain to Green Program (GTGP), are among the biggest programs in the world because of their ambitious goals, massive scales, huge payments, and potentially enormous impacts. The NFCP conserves natural forests through logging bans and afforestation with incentives to forest enterprises, whereas the GTGP converts cropland on steep slopes to forest and grassland by providing farmers with grain and cash subsidies. Overall ecological effects are beneficial, and socioeconomic effects are mostly positive. Whereas there are time lags in ecological effects, socioeconomic effects are more immediate. Both the NFCP and the GTGP also have global implications because they increase vegetative cover, enhance carbon sequestration, and reduce dust to other countries by controlling soil erosion. The future impacts of these programs may be even bigger. Extended payments for the GTGP have recently been approved by the central government for up to 8 years. The NFCP is likely to follow suit and receive renewed payments. To make these programs more effective, we recommend systematic planning, diversified funding, effective compensation, integrated research, and comprehensive monitoring. Effective implementation of these programs can also provide important experiences and lessons for other ecosystem service payment programs in China and many other parts of the world.
Department城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
KeywordConservation Environment Forests Grassland Sustainability
WOS IDWOS:000257784700007
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/21830
Collection城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Jianguo,Li, Shuxin,Ouyang, Zhiyun,et al. Ecological and socioeconomic effects of China's policies for ecosystem services[J]. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,2008,105(28):9477-9482.
APA Liu, Jianguo,Li, Shuxin,Ouyang, Zhiyun,Tam, Christine,&Chen, Xiaodong.(2008).Ecological and socioeconomic effects of China's policies for ecosystem services.PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,105(28),9477-9482.
MLA Liu, Jianguo,et al."Ecological and socioeconomic effects of China's policies for ecosystem services".PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 105.28(2008):9477-9482.
Files in This Item: Download All
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
Ecological and socio(744KB) 开放获取CC BY-NC-NDView Download
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Liu, Jianguo]'s Articles
[Li, Shuxin]'s Articles
[Ouyang, Zhiyun]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Liu, Jianguo]'s Articles
[Li, Shuxin]'s Articles
[Ouyang, Zhiyun]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Liu, Jianguo]'s Articles
[Li, Shuxin]'s Articles
[Ouyang, Zhiyun]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
File name: Ecological and socioeconomic effects of China's policies for ecosystem services.pdf
Format: Adobe PDF
This file does not support browsing at this time
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.