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Complexity of coupled human and natural systems
Liu, Jianguo; Dietz, Thomas; Carpenter, Stephen R.; Alberti, Marina; Folke, Carl; Moran, Emilio; Pell, Alice N.; Deadman, Peter; Kratz, Timothy; Lubchenco, Jane; Ostrom, Elinor; Ouyang, Zhiyun; Provencher, William; Redman, Charles L.; Schneider, Stephen H.; Taylor, William W.
2007-09-14
Source PublicationSCIENCE
Volume317Issue:1Pages:1513-1516
AbstractIntegrated studies of coupled human and natural systems reveal new and complex patterns and processes not evident when studied by social or natural scientists separately. Synthesis of six case studies from around the world shows that couplings between human and natural systems vary across space, time, and organizational units. They also exhibit nonlinear dynamics with thresholds, reciprocal feedback loops, time lags, resilience, heterogeneity, and surprises. Furthermore, past couplings have legacy effects on present conditions and future possibilities.
Department城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
WOS IDWOS:000249467900031
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Cited Times:1361[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/22368
Collection城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Jianguo,Dietz, Thomas,Carpenter, Stephen R.,et al. Complexity of coupled human and natural systems[J]. SCIENCE,2007,317(1):1513-1516.
APA Liu, Jianguo.,Dietz, Thomas.,Carpenter, Stephen R..,Alberti, Marina.,Folke, Carl.,...&Taylor, William W..(2007).Complexity of coupled human and natural systems.SCIENCE,317(1),1513-1516.
MLA Liu, Jianguo,et al."Complexity of coupled human and natural systems".SCIENCE 317.1(2007):1513-1516.
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