|Comprehensive concept planning of urban greening based on ecological principles: a case study in Beijing, China|
|Li, F; Wang, RS; Paulussen, J; Liu, XS
|Source Publication||LANDSCAPE AND URBAN PLANNING
|Abstract||Greenspace is an important part of complex urban ecosystems and provides significant ecosystem services. It benefits urban communities environmentally, esthetically, recreationally and economically. Beijing Province is in north of China, and has a total area of 16,807.8 km(2) and a population of about 13.8 million. This paper aims to develop a comprehensive conceptual framework for urban greening of Beijing Province based on landscape ecological principles. It attempts to answer how to establish an urban greening plan at the regional, city and neighborhood levels to achieve long-term sustainability. At the regional level, a big natural and semi-natural forest area in the northwest and an ecological buffer belt in the southeast are planned to protect the environmental quality of Beijing and provide habitats for wildlife. At the city level, a green network system of green wedges, parks and green corridors has been proposed. This green network helps to limit future urban expansion, improve urban environmental quality and serve as habitats and migration routes for wildlife. At the neighborhood level, green extensions and connections of riverside greenway, road greenway, parks and vertical greening permeate into the built-up areas. They provide open space close to residential areas and offer places for recreation. This three-level green system constitutes an integrated ecological network for urban sustainable development of Beijing. For future development of Beijing, urban parks, forestry, agriculture, water and infrastructure should be planned and designed in an integrated way. After this greenspace plan is legislated and completely realized, Beijing will develop an interconnected and integrated network of urban greenspaces. It has the prospect of achieving the aim of "Green Olympic City 2008" and the long-term goal of developing Beijing towards an "Eco-City". (c) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|WOS Research Area||Environmental Sciences & Ecology
; Physical Geography
; Urban Studies
Li, F,Wang, RS,Paulussen, J,et al. Comprehensive concept planning of urban greening based on ecological principles: a case study in Beijing, China[J]. LANDSCAPE AND URBAN PLANNING,2005,72(4):325-336.
Li, F,Wang, RS,Paulussen, J,&Liu, XS.(2005).Comprehensive concept planning of urban greening based on ecological principles: a case study in Beijing, China.LANDSCAPE AND URBAN PLANNING,72(4),325-336.
Li, F,et al."Comprehensive concept planning of urban greening based on ecological principles: a case study in Beijing, China".LANDSCAPE AND URBAN PLANNING 72.4(2005):325-336.
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