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Time effect on the fractionation of heavy metals in soils
Lu, AX; Zhang, SZ; Shan, XQ
Source PublicationGEODERMA
AbstractTime effect on the fractionation of Cu, Zn, Pb, and Cd in three typical Chinese soils was investigated. A total of 500 mg; kg(-1) of Cu, Zn, Pb and 2.5 mg kg-1 of Cd were added to soils as nitrates. Metals in the incubated soils were fractionated termly from 3 h to 8 weeks by the sequential extraction procedure, in which the metal fractions were experimentally defined as exchangeable, carbonate-, Fe-Mn oxide-, organic matter-bound and residual fractions. Results showed that the changes of Cu, Pb and Zn in fraction distribution were biphasic by an initial rapid step followed by a slow one. Metals in exchangeable fraction were increased in the first 3 h, and then decreased, such decreases could be simulated by a diffusion equation and the decrease rate followed the order Pb > Cu > Zn >> Cd. Metals bound to Fe-Mn oxides and organic matter increased consistently in the 8-week incubation. There were almost no changes for the metals in the residual fraction. After 3-h incubation most of Cd added to soils presented in the exchangeable fraction. The content of Cd in each fraction changed slightly in the 8-week incubation. Soil pH played an important role in metal fraction distribution patterns. Jiangxi soil, with low soil pH, tended to keep more metals added in exchangeable fraction and the changes of metals in each fraction were not as remarkable as in other two soils. High organic matter content resulted in the increased organic matter-bound fraction. (c) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordTime Effect Heavy Metals Fractionation Soil
WOS Research AreaAgriculture
WOS IDWOS:000227504200004
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Cited Times:174[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
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GB/T 7714
Lu, AX,Zhang, SZ,Shan, XQ. Time effect on the fractionation of heavy metals in soils[J]. GEODERMA,2005,125(2015-03-04):225-234.
APA Lu, AX,Zhang, SZ,&Shan, XQ.(2005).Time effect on the fractionation of heavy metals in soils.GEODERMA,125(2015-03-04),225-234.
MLA Lu, AX,et al."Time effect on the fractionation of heavy metals in soils".GEODERMA 125.2015-03-04(2005):225-234.
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