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Characterization of floc structure and strength: Role of changing shear rates under various coagulation mechanisms
Wang, Dongsheng; Wu, Ruobing; Jiang, Yunzhong; Chow, Christopher W. K.
2011
Conference Name6th International Conference on Interfaces Against Pollution (IAP 2010)
Conference DateMAY 16-19, 2010
Conference PlaceBeijing, PEOPLES R CHINA
ISBN0927-7757
Department环境水质学国家重点实验室
AbstractThe floc formation, structure and strength remain a problematic topic to be addressed clearly to guide the flocculator design. To study the relationship among floc structure, strength, size distribution, and fractal dimensions, the alum-kaolin flocs formed under different coagulation stages and mechanisms were investigated at various agitation rates. A new method based on the fractal theory was employed to analyze the strength of flocs. The relationship between fractal dimensions and floc size distribution was then discussed with controlled experiments, providing comparison between calculation results of the new method and the strength factor as well. The results show that both size and fractal dimension of flocs decrease with increasing shear rate. The floc strength follows the hierarchy: gradually increased shear rate from 40 rpm to 60 rpm > stable 60 rpm shear rate > gradually decreased shear rate from 60 rpm to 40 rpm > stable 40 rpm shear rate. Flocs formed under gradual shear increasing could easily re-flocculate and recover their strength after breakage. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordFractal Dimension Flocculation Floc Strength Size Distribution Shear Rate
DOI10.1016/j.colsurfa.2010.11.048
WOS IDWOS:000289920200008
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Document Type会议论文
Identifierhttp://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/24624
Collection环境水质学国家重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Dongsheng,Wu, Ruobing,Jiang, Yunzhong,et al. Characterization of floc structure and strength: Role of changing shear rates under various coagulation mechanisms[C],2011.
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