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题名: Survival, growth, detoxifying and antioxidative responses of earthworms (Eisenia fetida) exposed to soils with industrial DDT contamination
作者: Shi, Yajuan; Zhang, Qiangbin; Huang, Dunqi; Zheng, Xiaoqi; Shi, Yajing
刊名: PESTICIDE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY
出版日期: 2016-03
卷号: 128, 页码:22-29
关键词: Survival ; Growth ; Biochemical responses ; Oxidative defense responses ; Natural soils ; Contaminated sites risk assessment
DOI: 10.1016/j.pestbp.2015.10.009
部门归属: 城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
英文摘要: The survival, growth, activity of the biotransformation system phase II enzyme glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and the oxidative defense enzyme catalase (CAT) of earthworms exposed to the contaminated soils from a former DDT plant and reference soils were investigated, and compared with the corresponding indicators in simulated soil-earthworm system, unpolluted natural soils with spiked-in DDT series, to identify the toxic effects of DDT on earthworms and their cellular defense system in complex soil system. The results indicated that DDT level in the contaminated soils was significantly higher than that in the reference soils with similar level of other pollutants and soil characters. The mortality, growth inhibition rates, GST and CST activities of earthworms exposed to the contaminated soils were significantly higher than that in reference soils. The contribution of historical DDT in contaminated soils to earthworms was confirmed by the DDT spiked tests. DDT spiked in soils at rates of higher than 200 mg.kg(-1) was significantly toxic to both the survival and the growth of earthworms. DDT significantly stimulated GST and CAT activity in earthworms after 14 days. The CAT and GST activities were also stimulated by DDT exposure at rates of 100 mg.kg(-1) after chronic exposure (42 days). The results provide implications for validating the extrapolation from laboratory simulated soils criteria to contaminated soils and for making site risk assessments. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc All rights reserved.
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/35673
Appears in Collections:城市与区域生态国家重点实验室_期刊论文

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