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题名: Temporal variation in soil resistance to flowing water erosion for soil incorporated with plant litters in the Loess Plateau of China
作者: Sun, Long; Zhang, Guang-hui; Luan, Li-li; Liu, Fa
刊名: CATENA
出版日期: 2016-10
卷号: 145, 页码:239-245
关键词: Soil detachment process ; Rill erodibility ; Critical shear stress ; Litter decomposition ; Flume experiment
DOI: 10.1016/j.catena.2016.06.016
部门归属: 城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
英文摘要: Plant litter can be incorporated into topsoil under natural circumstances by soil splash, sediment deposition, and soil-dwelling animal activities. The incorporated litter can change the mechanical properties of soil and the decomposition of the incorporated litter can improve soil structural stability. Those changes likely influence soil detachment process by overland flow. This study was undertaken to quantify the effects of incorporated plant litters into topsoil on the temporal variation in soil resistance to detachment by overland flow using natural soil samples collected from four different plots (one control and three litter incorporation treatments) and then scoured under six different flow shear stresses in a hydraulic flume. The experiment started from April 19 to October 5, 2015 for 10 times at approximately 20 days sampling intervals. Soil properties and environmental parameters were also measured at each sampling time to explain the temporal variations in rill erodibility and critical shear stress. The results showed that the incorporated plant litter was effective to enhance soil resistance to flowing water erosion. Compared to bare soil, rill erodibilities of litter incorporated soils of black locust, sea buckthorn, and green bristle grass decreased by 24.3%, 33.5%, and 34.8%. The temporal variations in rill erodibility of bare and litter incorporated soils were similar. Rill erodibility decreased significantly over time as an exponential function for both bare and litter incorporated soils. The relative rill erodibility of three litter incorporated soils increased over time as a power function. The fitted critical shear stress increased exponentially over time. The temporal variations in rill erodibility could be explained by the temporal variations in soil consolidation, water stable aggregate, and litter decomposition. Rill erodibility could be well estimated by soil bulk density, water stable aggregate, and litter mass density (r(2) = 0.92). (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/35675
Appears in Collections:城市与区域生态国家重点实验室_期刊论文

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