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题名: Chlorinated Methylsiloxanes Generated in the Papermaking Process and Their Fate in Wastewater Treatment Processes
作者: Xu, Lin; He, Xudan; Zhi LiQin(智丽琴); Zhang, Chunhui; Zeng, Tao; Cai, Yaqi
刊名: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
出版日期: 2016-12-06
卷号: 50, 期号:23, 页码:12732-12741
DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b03512
部门归属: 环境化学与生态毒理学国家重点实验室
英文摘要: Simulated experiments indicated that chlorinated volatile methylsiloxanes, detected by QTOF GC/MS, could be generated in a pulp bleaching process, where poly(dimethylsiloxane)s fluids with volatile methylsiloxanes as impurities and molecular chlorine were used as a defoamer and bleaching agent, respectively. In the producing processes of one papermaking factory, the mean total concentrations of monochlorinated D4, D5, and D6, i.e., D3D(CH2Cl), D4D(CH2Cl), and D5D(CH2Cl), were 0.0430-287 mu g/L in aqueous samples, while they were 0.0329-270 mu g/g in solid samples. In the coupled papermaking-wastewater treatment processes, D3D(CH2Cl), D4D(CH2Cl), and D5D(CH2Cl) were detected in all water (0.113-8.68 mu g/L) and solid samples (0.888-26.2 mu g), with solid-water partition values (468-3982 L/kg) 1.08-4.82 times higher than those of their corresponding nonchlorinated analogs. The removing efficiencies of D3D(CH2Cl) D5D(CH2Cl) in the whole wastewater treatment processes were 77.1-81.6%, and sorption to sludge (35.7-74.1%) and removal in the primary clarifier (7.19-32.5%) had major contributions to their total removal. Elimination experiments showed that 1) hydrolysis half-lives of D3D(CH2Cl) D5D(CH2Cl) (0.9-346 h) in the primary clarifier (pH = 7.8-9.2) were 2.16-3.60 times shorter than those of their nonchlorinated analogs; 2) D3D(CH2Cl) D5D(CH2Cl) were hardly degraded in oxic sludge treatment process, and their volatilization half-lives (7.38-21.1 h) in oxic sludge were 1.21-1.50 times longer than those of their nonchlorinated analogs.
收录类别: SCI
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/35817
Appears in Collections:环境化学与生态毒理学国家重点实验室_期刊论文

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