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题名: Speciation analysis of silver sulfide nanoparticles in environmental waters by magnetic solid-phase extraction coupled with ICP-MS
作者: Zhou, Xiaoxia; Liu, Jingfu; Yuan, Chungang; Chen, Yongsheng
刊名: JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY
出版日期: 2016
卷号: 31, 期号:11, 页码:2285-2292
DOI: 10.1039/c6ja00243a
部门归属: 环境化学与生态毒理学国家重点实验室
英文摘要: The growing production and widespread application of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have led to their release into the environment, where they are mostly transformed to silver sulfide nanoparticles (Ag2S NPs). Thus, speciation analysis of Ag2S NPs in environmental matrices is essential for understanding the environmental process and toxic effects of AgNPs. Herein, we report the use of aged iron oxide magnetic particles (IOMPs) as magnetic solid-phase extraction adsorbents for speciation analysis of Ag2S NPs. It was found that IOMPs are excellent adsorbents for the selective extraction of silver-containing nanoparticles (AgCNPs) including Ag2S NPs, AgNPs and AgCl NPs in the presence of Ag+. More importantly, Ag2S NPs can be distinguished from the other AgCNPs by sequential elution. After pre-eluting AgNPs and AgCl NPs as Ag+ with 2% (v/v) acetic acid and IOMPs as the sacrificial oxidants, Ag2S NPs were completely eluted as a Ag(I) complex by 10 mM thiourea in 2% (v/v) acetic acid and quantified directly by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). While the extraction of Ag+ was negligible, the maximum extraction of AgCNPs by IOMPs was attained at pH 4.9-6.2, and the interference of humic acid in the AgCNP extraction can be efficiently eliminated by adding Ca2+. Under optimized conditions, the method provides low detection limit (0.068 mg L-1) and high reproducibility (relative standard deviations <5.1%) for Ag2S NPs. By simultaneously spiking 0.16-10.3 mg L-1 AgNPs and 0.53-14.8 mg L-1 Ag2S NPs, the Ag2S NP recoveries were in the range of 69.6-100.2% for the tap, river and lake waters; and in the range of 106.2-149.9% for the WWTP effluent due to the part sulfidation of AgNPs to Ag2S NPs. Our method is valid for the speciation analysis of Ag2S NPs in water samples, which provides an efficient approach for studying the sulfidation of AgNPs and Ag+.
收录类别: SCI
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/35951
Appears in Collections:环境化学与生态毒理学国家重点实验室_期刊论文

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