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题名: Sulphur speciation and availability in long-term fertilized soil: evidence from chemical fractionation and S K-edge XANES spectroscopy
作者: Xu, C.; Wang, S.; Chen, Z.; Lv, J.; Luo, L.; Li, J.; Ma, Y.
刊名: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE
出版日期: 2016-09
卷号: 67, 期号:5, 页码:666-675
DOI: 10.1111/ejss.12364
部门归属: 环境化学与生态毒理学国家重点实验室
英文摘要: Knowledge of sulphur (S) speciation in soil following applications of chemical and organic fertilizers is important for understanding the availability and fate of S in agricultural ecosystems. Sulphur speciation of the soil in three fields, which are part of the National Long-term Monitoring Network of Soil Fertility and Fertilizer Effects of China, was investigated with a combination of a wet-chemical fractionation scheme and S K-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy. Treatments of the soil included no fertilizers (control), regular applications of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers (NPK), or of NPK plus organic manures (MNPK) since 1990. Soil samples were taken from the topsoil (0-20 cm) and subsoil (20-40 cm) horizons in 2011. Chemical fractionation showed that available sulphate was the predominant inorganic S species in the Eutric Cambisol, whereas HCl-extractable sulphate was the main inorganic S species in the Haplic Phaeozem and Calcaric Cambisol. Organic S accounted for up to 77% of total S in all soil samples. Results from the fractionation (inorganic S plus ester-S) and XANES analysis (oxidized S) were correlated (r = 0.585, P< 0.01), which confirmed the presence of HCl-extractable sulphate and the speciation of residual S in soil. Long-term application of organic manures facilitated significantly the accumulation of intermediate and reduced S species and increased total and organic S in the soil (P< 0.01). In contrast, the application of chemical fertilizers (NPK) had little effect on the distribution of organic S species compared with the control. Atmospheric deposition was identified as an important source of S. The combination of chemical fractionation and XANES spectroscopy provided complementary information on the availability and speciation of S in soil.
收录类别: SCI
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/35954
Appears in Collections:环境化学与生态毒理学国家重点实验室_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Xu, C.,Wang, S.,Chen, Z.,et al. Sulphur speciation and availability in long-term fertilized soil: evidence from chemical fractionation and S K-edge XANES spectroscopy[J]. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE,2016,67(5):666-675.
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