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题名: Removal of perfluorooctane sulfonates from water by a hybrid coagulation-nanofiltration process
作者: Yu, Yang; Zhao, Changwei; Yu, Ling; Li, Pei; Wang, Tao; Xu, Yi
刊名: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL
出版日期: 2016-04-01
卷号: 289, 期号:0, 页码:7-16
关键词: PFOS ; Nanofiltration ; Coagulation ; Humic acid
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2015.12.048
部门归属: 环境水质学国家重点实验室
英文摘要: Perfluorooctane sulfonates (PFOS) as a persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic pollutant has been detected in surface water around the world and attracted great attention in recent years. It's important and urgent to develop effective technology to remove PFOS. The effect of coagulation pretreatment on the removal efficiency of PFOS by nanaltration (NF) was investigated. Two types of NF membranes were used to test the PFOS rejections in three different solutions including DI water, humic acid (HA) solution and coagulation solution. The characterizations such as HA and PFOS accumulation on the membranes, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and surface zeta potential analysis of virgin and fouled membranes were conducted to study the separation mechanism. The experimental results showed that PFOS can be partly removed by coagulation. The NF270 membrane exhibited a higher PFOS rejection (>95%) than the HYDRACORE membrane (40-60%) in single NF process. The surface negative charge density of both NF membranes reached a minimum value after filtering coagulation effluent, which might be a result of floc adsorption on the membrane surface. Coagulation pretreatment was effective to enhance the PFOS rejection of the NF membranes. In particular, the rejection efficiency of the HYDRACORE membrane increased from 55% to 86% at a trans-membrane pressure of 0.4 MPa. The SEM images showed that the fouling layer formed by flocs was loose and highly permeable. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
收录类别: SCI
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/36074
Appears in Collections:环境水质学国家重点实验室_期刊论文

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