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题名: Population attenuation in zooplankton communities during transoceanic transfer in ballast water
作者: Ghabooli, Sara; Zhan, Aibin; Paolucci, Esteban; Hernandez, Marco R.; Briski, Elizabeta; Cristescu, Melania E.; MacIsaac, Hugh J.
刊名: ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION
出版日期: 2016-09
卷号: 6, 期号:17, 页码:6170-6177
关键词: ballast water ; biological invasion ; genetic diversity ; invasive species ; Ion torrent PGM ; next-generation sequencing ; nonindigenous species ; zooplankton
DOI: 10.1002/ece3.2349
部门归属: 中国科学院环境生物技术重点实验室
英文摘要: Successful biological invasion requires introduction of a viable population of a nonindigenous species (NIS). Rarely have ecologists assessed changes in populations while entrained in invasion pathways. Here, we investigate how zooplankton communities resident in ballast water change during transoceanic voyages. We used next-generation sequencing technology to sequence a nuclear small subunit ribosomal DNA fragment of zooplankton from ballast water during initial, middle, and final segments as a vessel transited between Canada and Brazil. Operational taxonomic unit (OTU) diversity decreased as voyage duration increased, indicating loss of community-based genetic diversity and development of bottlenecks for zooplankton taxa prior to discharge of ballast water. On average, we observed 47, 26, and 24 OTUs in initial, middle, and final samples, respectively. Moreover, a comparison of genetic diversity within taxa indicated likely attenuation of OTUs in final relative to initial samples. Abundance of the most common taxa (copepods) declined in all final relative to initial samples. Some taxa (e.g., Copepoda) were represented by a high number of OTUs throughout the voyage, and thus had a high level of intraspecific genetic variation. It is not clear whether genotypes that were most successful in surviving transit in ballast water will be the most successful upon introduction to novel environments. This study highlights that population bottlenecks may be common prior to introduction of NIS to new ecosystems.
收录类别: SCI
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/36140
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