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题名: Enhanced formation of bromate and brominated disinfection byproducts during chlorination of bromide-containing waters under catalysis of copper corrosion products
作者: Hu, Jun; Qiang, Zhimin; Dong, Huiyu; Qu, Jiuhui
刊名: WATER RESEARCH
出版日期: 2016-07-01
卷号: 98, 期号:0, 页码:302-308
关键词: Copper corrosion products ; Catalysis ; Bromate ; Brominated disinfection byproducts ; Water pipe
DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2016.04.033
部门归属: 中国科学院饮用水科学与技术重点实验室
英文摘要: Copper corrosion products (CCPs) in water distribution pipes may catalyze the reactions among disinfectant, natural organic matter (NOM), and bromide (Br-). This study investigated the simultaneous formation of bromate (BrO3-) and brominated disinfection byproducts (Br-DBPs) during chlorination of Br--containing waters in the presence of three CCPs (i.e., CuO, Cu2O, and Cu2+). In a synthetic water, both oxidant decay and BrO3- formation were enhanced by CCPs, whereas the presence of humic acid (HA) significantly inhibited BrO3- formation due to its competition for HOBr to form Br-DBPs. In the HOCl-Br--CuO system, the BrO3- yield increased obviously with increasing CuO dose and initial Br- concentration, while the catalytic formation of Br-DBPs was rather limited. A molar conversion (Br- to BrO3-) of 22.1% was observed under CuO catalysis, compared with little conversion in the absence of CuO. In the HOCl-Br--Cu2O/Cu2+ systems, Cu2O or Cu2+ mainly enhanced the formation of Br-DBPs, with enhancement ratios of 69.9% and 50.1%, respectively. The degree of enhancement on Br-DBPs formation became more apparent with increasing pH, while that on BrO3- formation reached maximal at pH 7.6. The catalytic formation of Br-DBPs and BrO3- by CCPs was also verified in three filtered real waters, although to a lesser extent because of the water matrix effect. In mechanism, the CCPs promoted the formation of BrO3- and Br-DBPs through catalyzing the HOBr disproportionation pathway and the reaction of HOBr toward HA, respectively. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
收录类别: SCI
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/36178
Appears in Collections:中国科学院饮用水科学与技术重点实验室_期刊论文

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