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题名: Preparation of PVDF-CTFE hydrophobic membranes for MD application: Effect of LiCl-based mixed additives
作者: Zheng, Libing; Wu, Zhenjun; Wei, Yuansong; Zhang, Yong; Yuan, Yue; Wang, Jun
刊名: JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE
出版日期: 2016-05-15
卷号: 506, 期号:0, 页码:71-85
关键词: PVDF-CTFE ; Mixed additives ; LiCl ; PEG ; Membrane distillation
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2016.01.044
部门归属: 中国科学院饮用水科学与技术重点实验室
英文摘要: Hydrophobic flat -sheet membranes were prepared by poly (vinylidene fluoride-co-chlorotrifluoroethylene) (PVDF-CTFE) via the non -solvent induced phase separation (NIPS) process for membrane distillation (MD) application. Different types of LiCI-based mixed additives were applied to investigate their effects on membrane properties and MD performance. The membranes were evaluated in terms of membrane morphology, pore size and distribution, porosity, surface roughness, hydrophobicity, as well as the direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) performance. Clear evidences were obtained that the mixed additives altered the phase inversion process, which resulted in the variation in membrane morphology, structure, properties and performance. The mass ratio of PEG/LiCI ranging from 5:0 to 0:5 was comprehensively investigated to study the synergistic effects of two additives on PVDF-CTFE membranes. The membrane M5 (PEG:LiCI = 1:1, total content 8 wt%) showed optimal properties and MD performance for combining the structure of higher hydrophobicity and pore interconnectivity, small pore size and narrow pore size distribution. The addition of LiCI to PEG -containing solutions benefited the solid -liquid demixing process, which increased the hydrophobicity, porosity, pore interconnectivity, and MD performance of the resultant membranes. While added PEG to LiCI-containing solutions showed slightly influences. Furthermore, it was also found that PVP/LiCI and glycerol/LiCI were not suitable for hydrophobic membrane preparation as they strikingly reduced membrane hydrophobicity. While H3PO4 and H2O were confirmed suitable to mix with LiCI for hydrophobic PVDF-CTFE membrane preparation. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
收录类别: SCI
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/36207
Appears in Collections:中国科学院饮用水科学与技术重点实验室_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Zheng, Libing,Wu, Zhenjun,Wei, Yuansong,et al. Preparation of PVDF-CTFE hydrophobic membranes for MD application: Effect of LiCl-based mixed additives[J]. JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE,2016,506(0):71-85.
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