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题名: Thin-film composite forward osmosis membranes with substrate layer composed of polysulfone blended with PEG or polysulfone grafted PEG methyl ether methacrylate
作者: Liu, Baicang; Chen, Chen; Zhao, Pingju; Li, Tong; Liu, Caihong; Wang, Qingyuan; Chen, Yongsheng; Crittenden, John
刊名: FRONTIERS OF CHEMICAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
出版日期: 2016-12
卷号: 10, 期号:4, 页码:562-574
关键词: thin-film composite ; forward osmosis ; amphiphilic copolymer ; interfacial polymerization ; poly(ethylene glycol)
DOI: 10.1007/s11705-016-1588-9
部门归属: 水污染控制实验室
英文摘要: To advance commercial application of forward osmosis (FO), we investigated the effects of two additives on the performance of polysulfone (PSf) based FO membranes: one is poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), and another is PSf grafted with PEG methyl ether methacrylate (PSf-g-PEGMA). PSf blended with PEG or PSf-g-PEGMA was used to form a substrate layer, and then polyamide was formed on a support layer by interfacial polymerization. In this study, NaCl (1 mol.L-1) and deionized water were used as the draw solution and the feed solution, respectively. With the increase of PEG content from 0 to 15 wt-%, FO water flux declined by 23.4% to 59.3% compared to a PSf TFC FO membrane. With the increase of PSf-g-PEGMA from 0 to 15 wt-%, the membrane flux showed almost no change at first and then declined by about 52.0% and 50.4%. The PSf with 5 wt-% PSf-g-PEGMA FO membrane showed a higher pure water flux of 8.74 L.m(-2).h(-1) than the commercial HTI membranes (6-8 L.m(-2).h(-1)) under the FO mode. Our study suggests that hydrophobic interface is very important for the formation of polyamide, and a small amount of PSfg-PEGMA can maintain a good condition for the formation of polyamide and reduce internal concentration polarization.
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/36241
Appears in Collections:水污染控制实验室_期刊论文

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