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题名: 文化生态学视阈下的北京城市植物研究
作者: 王冬青
学位类别: 博士后
答辩日期: 2014-12
授予单位: 中国科学院研究生院
授予地点: 北京
导师: 欧阳志云
关键词: 城市植物 ; 城市文化 ; Urban Plant, City cultural, Ecology Cultural, Beijing cultural, Consumption ; 文化生态学 ; 北京文化 ; 消费
学位专业: 生态学
中文摘要:       城市植物不仅仅是一定地域条件下的自然选择,它与城市文化具有密切的关系。但是对于城市植物的研究而言,远没有体现出它在城市现实生活中的重要性。把城市植物的发展与城市文化相结合进行综合、系统的研究相对较少。本论文将融合生态学、地理学、社会学等领域的交叉学科研究成果——文化生态学引入对北京城市植物与城市文化的研究,认为城市植物作为自然—经济—社会复合系统中一个自然子系统,与具体的环境:自然条件、技术、经济、历史等都有密切的关系;随着中国城市化进程的飞速发展,北京城市的无限膨胀,城市植物的文化选择越来越受到重视,需要从文化生态系统的角度全面认识北京城市植物与城市文化的结构关系,才能为北京城市植物的保护与发展提供正确全面的视角。
      论文首先建构了对北京城市植物文化属性的辨识,对北京城市文化系统的认识体系平台;随后运用历史研究方法对城市植物的发展与北京传统京味文化的演进进行综合、系统的研究,从宫廷文化、缙绅文化、庶民文化三方面系统的论述了二者之间的关系;接着从国家政策、社会经济、技术发展、城市建设、生态意识和人的合力六个层面分析阐述了北京城市植物的发展动力。在文化对北京城市植物的作用研究中,论文运用文化生态学的研究角度,从文化发展、消费文化、文化殖民、伦理观、美学五个方面,论述了北京后现代社会城市植物与城市文化发展的新特点,并着重讨论了北京城市文化心理、思维方式、社会观念、环境景观观念等城市文化结构新特点,提出了“绿色消费观”的城市植物文化发展预测。作为论文的实证研究,选取了北京建成区植物种类分布与构成为研究对象,采用实地调研与查阅原始资料相结合的方法,系统的分析了其独特的城市文化产生发展的生态过程及其文化生态结构。在文章的结束,针对北京城市植物现状,提出了在消费文化的背景下北京城市植物建设的策略导则,并对发展面向生态社会的城市植物文化提出了建议。
英文摘要:       Urban Plants be planted in build-up area is not only a selection of nature under certain geographical conditions, but it also has a close relationship with the urban culture. However, when it comes to research of City Plant, the important role it played in modern urban life was largely neglected; not to mention the systematic research that combines the development of city plant and urban culture. This paper will introduce Cultural Ecology an interdisciplinary research finding that bridges Ecology, Geography and Sociology-into the research of Urban Plant of Beijing and urban culture; and conclude that urban culture itself is a complete ecosystem, and it closely connects with specific environment- natural conditions, technology, economy and history. With the rapid development of China's urbanization and Beijing’s unlimited expansion, the cultural selection of Urban Plant picked up an ever-growing attention. We needed to realize the comprehensive relationship between Beijing Urban Plant and urban culture from the perspective of Cultural Ecology. Thus a correct and full-scale perspective of protection and development of Beijing Urban Plant can be formed.
      The paper firstly set up plant identification and city cultural cognition system platform of Beijing. Then use historical research methods and the evolution of traditional Beijing Jingwei cultural development of urban plants to discuss the relationship between them from the royal culture、gentrification cultures、 mass culture system three; then describes the development of Beijing power plants from the national policy, socio-economic, technological development, cultural development, and lifestyle.From the perspective of cultural ecology, the paper studies the use of the plants in Beijing from five aspects - consumer culture, leisure and culture, cultural colonialism, ethics, aesthetics, discusses the new features in Beijing City plant and Urban Cultural Development from study of post-modern society. Then focuses on the structure of the new features of urban culture such as Beijing cultural psychology, ways of thinking, social attitudes, environmental landscape.at last it proposes a forecast of plant cultural development about "green consumption concept" .
      The paper select Beijing built-up area of plant species distribution and composition for the study based on field research and access to original materials combined method. The paper analysis the ecological processes and its unique cultural and ecological development of urban culture generation structure. At the end of the article, proposed guide strategy in the context of the current situation of urban plant in Beijing and consumer culture construction of the Beijing city plants. Give recommendations on plant development for the city's cultural and ecological society.
内容类型: 学位论文
URI标识: http://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/36884
Appears in Collections:城市与区域生态国家重点实验室_学位论文

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Recommended Citation:
王冬青. 文化生态学视阈下的北京城市植物研究[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院. 2014.
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