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Compartmentalization of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) solubilization and cake microstructure in relation to wastewater sludge dewatering behavior assisted by horizontal electric field: Effect of operating conditions
Cao, Bingdi; Zhang, Weijun; Du, Youjing; Wang, Ruilu; Usher, Shane P.; Scales, Peter J.; Wang, Dongsheng
2018-03-01
Source PublicationWATER RESEARCH
ISSN0043-1354
Volume130Pages:363-375
AbstractSludge treatment and disposal have become important environmental issues in China. Mechanical dewatering is widely used to reduce the amount of sludge to be disposed and relieve the rapid growth pressure of waste sludge. In comparison to traditional sludge dewatering processes, pressure electro-osmotic dewatering has many advantages on sludge dewatering efficiency, low conditioner dosage and concentrated cake are both beneficial to further recycling of waste sludge. In general, complex electrochemical effects (eg. electrochemical oxidation, ohmic heating and pH gradient effect) are accompanied by the pressure electro-osmotic dewatering process. These electrochemical effects will inevitably cause solubilization and/or degradation of key constituents of wastewater sludge - extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). In this study, the effects of voltage, pH and ionic strength on sludge electro-osmotic dewatering performance and electrochemical effects were investigated. The solubilization and degradation of EPS were analyzed by examining the variation of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the filtrate, and the relationships between microstructural properties of sludge cake and DOM and electro-osmosis dewatering performance in electro-dewatering process was examined. It was found that electro-dewatering properties were improved by raising the operating voltage or decreasing the pH value, while dewatering rate initially increased at low ionic strength it decreases with increased ionic strength. In addition, the porous structure of cathodic cake was more plentiful than that at the anode. At the cathode, the EPS dissolution was mainly related to alkalization, while the oxidation and acidification were responsible for release of EPS at the anode. Meanwhile, electrophoresis effect was able to promote migration of EPS toward the anode. The average electro-osmotic dewatering rate at the anode (R-2.>0.79, p < 0.02) and at the cathode (R-2.>0.87, p < 0.03) strongly correlated with the volume of pore of sludge cake. There was no correlation between the total content of anodic DOM (R-2<0.31, p>0.08) and electro-osmotic dewatering rate at the anode, however, the content of cathodic DOM (R-2 > 0.62, p < 0.09) negatively correlated with average electro-osmosis dewatering rate of cathode. Since cathode is the main water-permeable side in sludge electro-dewatering, and the sticky biopolymers (proteins and humic subtances) could not be converted into small molecules, higher EPS release was associated with worse sludge filterability. As for the anode, the biopolymers were degraded into small molecules due to electrochemical oxidation, which greatly reduced the impact of DOM on dewatering effect. Therefore, the operating conditions (voltage, pH and ionic strength) caused changes in electrochemical effects, which played a crucial role in compartmentalization of sludge EPS dissolution and consequently sludge electro-dewatering behavior. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department环境水质学国家重点实验室
KeywordElectra-osmotic dewatering Extracellular polymeric substances Electrical reaction Sludge dewatering
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/41122
Collection环境水质学国家重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cao, Bingdi,Zhang, Weijun,Du, Youjing,et al. Compartmentalization of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) solubilization and cake microstructure in relation to wastewater sludge dewatering behavior assisted by horizontal electric field: Effect of operating conditions[J]. WATER RESEARCH,2018,130:363-375.
APA Cao, Bingdi.,Zhang, Weijun.,Du, Youjing.,Wang, Ruilu.,Usher, Shane P..,...&Wang, Dongsheng.(2018).Compartmentalization of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) solubilization and cake microstructure in relation to wastewater sludge dewatering behavior assisted by horizontal electric field: Effect of operating conditions.WATER RESEARCH,130,363-375.
MLA Cao, Bingdi,et al."Compartmentalization of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) solubilization and cake microstructure in relation to wastewater sludge dewatering behavior assisted by horizontal electric field: Effect of operating conditions".WATER RESEARCH 130(2018):363-375.
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