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A Review of Environmental Occurrence, Fate, and Toxicity of Novel Brominated Flame Retardants
Xiong, Ping1; Yan, Xueting1; Zhu, Qingqing1; Qu, Guangbo1,2; Shi, Jianbo1,2; Liao, Chunyang1,2; Jiang, Guibin1
2019-12-03
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
ISSN0013-936X
Volume53Issue:23Pages:13551-13569
AbstractUse of legacy brominated flame retardants (BFRs), including polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), has been reduced due to adverse effects of these chemicals. Several novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs), such decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE) and bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy) ethane (BTBPE), have been developed as replacements for PBDEs. NBFRs are used in various industrial and consumer products, which leads to their ubiquitous occurrence in the environment. This article reviews occurrence and fate of a select group of NBFRs in the environment, as well as their human exposure and toxicity. Occurrence of NBFRs in both abiotic, including air, water, dust, soil, sediment and sludge, and biotic matrices, including bird, fish, and human serum, have been documented. Evidence regarding the degradation, including photodegradation, thermal degradation and biodegradation, and bioaccumulation and biomagnification of NBFRs is summarized. The toxicity data of NBFRs show that several NBFRs can cause adverse effects through different modes of action, such as hormone disruption, endocrine disruption, genotoxicity, and behavioral modification. The primary ecological risk assessment shows that most NBFRs exert no significant environmental risk, but it is worth noting that the result should be carefully used owing to the limited toxicity data.
Department环境化学与生态毒理学国家重点实验室
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/42497
Collection环境化学与生态毒理学国家重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Res Ctr Ecoenvironm Sci, State Key Lab Environm Chem & Ecotoxicol, Beijing 100085, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Jianghan Univ, Inst Environm & Hlth, Wuhan 430056, Hubei, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xiong, Ping,Yan, Xueting,Zhu, Qingqing,et al. A Review of Environmental Occurrence, Fate, and Toxicity of Novel Brominated Flame Retardants[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY,2019,53(23):13551-13569.
APA Xiong, Ping.,Yan, Xueting.,Zhu, Qingqing.,Qu, Guangbo.,Shi, Jianbo.,...&Jiang, Guibin.(2019).A Review of Environmental Occurrence, Fate, and Toxicity of Novel Brominated Flame Retardants.ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY,53(23),13551-13569.
MLA Xiong, Ping,et al."A Review of Environmental Occurrence, Fate, and Toxicity of Novel Brominated Flame Retardants".ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 53.23(2019):13551-13569.
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