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UV light irradiation improves the aggregation and settling performance of metal sulfide particles in strongly acidic wastewater
Peng, Xianjia; Xia, Zhilin; Kong, Linghao; Hu, Xingyun; Wang, Xianliang
2019-10-15
Source PublicationWATER RESEARCH
ISSN0043-1354
Volume163Pages:-
AbstractTiny metal sulfide particles are usually generated in the metal sulfide precipitation process, and residual dissolved sulfide (H2S, HS- and S2-) generally makes the aggregation and settling performance of these particles worse. In this work, under strongly acidic conditions with 0.102 M H2SO4, the characteristics of CuS, CdS and mixed metal sulfide particles (CuS and CdS) produced in strongly acidic wastewater by HS were initially studied. Then, UV light irradiation was employed to improve the aggregation and settling performance of the metal sulfide particles, and relevant mechanisms were investigated. The results showed that the residual H2S in suspension can deteriorate the settling performance of metal sulfide particles. After H2S was removed, CuS particles exhibited good settling performance, but the settling performance of CdS and mixed sulfide particles remained poor. Subsequent studies showed that UV light irradiation effectively improved the aggregation and settling performance of CdS and mixed metal sulfide particles in the presence of H2S. After 30 min of UV irradiation, the average hydrodynamic diameter of CdS particles increased approximately 166-fold in the presence of 131.40 mg/L H2S, and that of mixed sulfide particles increased approximately 105-fold with the existence of 129.30 mg/L H2S. Further study revealed that H2S in suspensions played an important role in the aggregation of metal sulfide particles under LN irradiation. HS center dot generated by the photolysis of H2S oxidized a portion of S2- on the surface of CdS particles and a portion of S2- and S-n(2-) on the surface of mixed sulfide particles to S-2(2-) and S-0, which resulted in a decrease of negative charge and an enhanced aggregation of these particles. Finally, this study showed that the settling performance of CdS and mixed sulfide particles was effectively improved at high initial H2S concentrations under UV irradiation. This study provides a clean and effective method to improve the metal sulfide precipitation process for strongly acidic wastewater treatment. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department环境水质学国家重点实验室
KeywordUV light irradiation Metal sulfide particles Aggregation Settling performance Strongly acidic wastewater
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/42681
Collection环境水质学国家重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Res Ctr Ecoenvironm Sci, State Key Lab Environm Aquat Chem, Beijing 100085, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Res Ctr Ecoenvironm Sci, Beijing Key Lab Ind Wastewater Treatment & Resour, Beijing 100085, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Peng, Xianjia,Xia, Zhilin,Kong, Linghao,et al. UV light irradiation improves the aggregation and settling performance of metal sulfide particles in strongly acidic wastewater[J]. WATER RESEARCH,2019,163:-.
APA Peng, Xianjia,Xia, Zhilin,Kong, Linghao,Hu, Xingyun,&Wang, Xianliang.(2019).UV light irradiation improves the aggregation and settling performance of metal sulfide particles in strongly acidic wastewater.WATER RESEARCH,163,-.
MLA Peng, Xianjia,et al."UV light irradiation improves the aggregation and settling performance of metal sulfide particles in strongly acidic wastewater".WATER RESEARCH 163(2019):-.
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