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Comparison and application of biofilter and suspended bioreactor in removing gaseous o-xylene
Li, Lin; Chai, Fengguang; Liang, Cunzhen; Wang, Ying; Zhang, Xiao; Yang, Kaixiong; Xiao, Benyi
2020-09
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
ISSN0013-9351
Volume188Pages:1-9
AbstractTwo bioreactors, suspended-growth bioreactors (SPB) and biofilter (BF), were compared for the performances in removing gaseous o-xylene. Their efficiencies were investigated by varying the o-xylene loadings, gas flow rates, and gas-water ratios. High-throughput techniques were applied for the microbial populations assay. The conversion rate of carbon in o-xylene was calculated, and the relationship between biomass and removal efficiencies was also analyzed. Results indicated that both the SPB and BF could effectively treat gases containing o-xylene. The average removal efficiencies were 91.8% and 93.5%, respectively. The elimination capacity of the BF was much higher than that of the SPB when the intake load was below 150 g m(-3) h(-1). When the o-xylene loadings were over 150 g m(-)(3) h(-1), both the SPB and BF achieved similar o-xylene removal rates. The maximum elimination capacities were 28.36 g m(-3) h(-1) for the SPB and 30.67 g m(-3) h(-1) for BF. The SPB was more sensitive to the changes in the gas flow rate. Results of microbial assay indicated that bacteria e.g. Mycobacterium sp. and Rhodanobacter sp. might play important roles in removing o-xylene in the SPB, while the bacteria Pseudomonas sp., Sphingomonas sp., and Defluyiicoccus sp., and the fungi Aspergillus sp. and Scedosporium sp., were the o-xylene degraders in the BF. The successful application of the integrated bioreactor in treating gases containing o-xylene exhausted from the electroplating plant indicated that the integration of SPB and BF could be an effective method for removing VOCs with Henry coefficient in the range of 0.01-1.
Department环境水质学国家重点实验室
KeywordWaste gas treatment Suspended-growth bioreactor Biofilter Microbial population O-Xylene conversion
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/44912
Collection环境水质学国家重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Lin,Chai, Fengguang,Liang, Cunzhen,et al. Comparison and application of biofilter and suspended bioreactor in removing gaseous o-xylene[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH,2020,188:1-9.
APA Li, Lin.,Chai, Fengguang.,Liang, Cunzhen.,Wang, Ying.,Zhang, Xiao.,...&Xiao, Benyi.(2020).Comparison and application of biofilter and suspended bioreactor in removing gaseous o-xylene.ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH,188,1-9.
MLA Li, Lin,et al."Comparison and application of biofilter and suspended bioreactor in removing gaseous o-xylene".ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH 188(2020):1-9.
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