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Coagulation behavior of polyaluminum chloride: Effects of pH and coagulant dosage
Wei, Ning; Zhang, Zhongguo; Liu, Dan; Wu, Yue; Wang, Jun; Wang, Qunhui
AbstractCoagulation mechanisms of polyaluminum chloride (PACl) at various dosages were studied using a conventional jar test at different final and initial pH values during treating kaolin suspension. The optimal final pH and dosages for PACl were obtained based on residual turbidity and zeta potential of flocs. The coagulation zones at various PACl dosages and solution pH values were developed and compared with those of alum. It is found that the optimal mechanism under acidic condition is charge neutralization, while alkaline condition will facilitate the coagulation of PACl. Both charge neutralization coagulation and sweep coagulation can achieve high coagulation efficiency under the alkaline condition ranging from final pH 7.0 to 10.0. Stabilization, charge neutralization destabilization, restabilization and sweep zones occur successively with increasing PACl dosages with the final pH values fixed at 7.0 and 8.0, but restabilization zone disappears at final pH 10.0. When the final pH is not controlled and consequently decreases with increasing PACl dosage, no typical sweep zone can be observed and the coagulant efficiency decreases at high PACl dosage. It seems that the final pH is more meaningful than the initial pH for coagulation. Charge neutralization coagulation efficiency is dominated by zeta potential of flocs and PACl precipitates. The charge neutralization and sweep coagulation zones of PACl are broader in the ranges of coagulant dosage and pH than those of alum. The results are helpful for us to treat water andwastewater using PACl and to understand the coagulation process of PACl. (C) 2015 The Chemical Industry and Engineering Society of China, and Chemical Industry Press. All rights reserved.
KeywordSeparation Coagulation Aggregation Precipitation Charge Neutralization Sweep Flocculation Polyaluminum Chloride
WOS Research AreaEngineering, Chemical
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Document Type期刊论文
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GB/T 7714
Wei, Ning,Zhang, Zhongguo,Liu, Dan,et al. Coagulation behavior of polyaluminum chloride: Effects of pH and coagulant dosage[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING,2015,23(6):1041-1046.
APA Wei, Ning,Zhang, Zhongguo,Liu, Dan,Wu, Yue,Wang, Jun,&Wang, Qunhui.(2015).Coagulation behavior of polyaluminum chloride: Effects of pH and coagulant dosage.CHINESE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING,23(6),1041-1046.
MLA Wei, Ning,et al."Coagulation behavior of polyaluminum chloride: Effects of pH and coagulant dosage".CHINESE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING 23.6(2015):1041-1046.
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