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Determining the hydrological responses to climate variability and land use/cover change in the Loess Plateau with the Budyko framework
Gao, Guangyao; Fu, Bojie; Wang, Shuai; Liang, Wei; Jiang, Xiaohui
2016-07-01
Source PublicationSCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
Volume557Issue:0Pages:331-342
AbstractUnderstanding and quantifying the impacts of land use/cover change and climate variability on hydrological responses are important to the design of water resources and land use management strategies for adaptation to climate change, especially in water-limited areas. The elasticity method was used to detect the responses of streamflow and runoff coefficient to various driving factors in 15 main catchments of the Loess Plateau, China between 1961 and 2009. The elasticity of streamflow (Q) and runoff coefficient (R-c) to precipitation (P), potential evapotranspiration (E-0), and catchment characteristics (represented by the parameter m in Fu's equation) were derived based on the Budyko hypothesis. There were two critical values of m = 2 and E-0/P = 1 for the elasticity of Q and R-c. The hydrological responses were mainly affected by catchment characteristics in water-limited regions (E-0/P > 1), and in humid areas (E-0/P < 1), climate conditions played a more important role for cases of m > 2 whereas catchment characteristics had a greater impact for cases of m < 2. The annual Q and R-c in 14 of the 15 catchments significantly decreased with average reduction of 0.87 mm yr(-1) and 0.18% yr(-1), respectively. The mean elasticities of Q to P, E-0 and m were 2.66,- 1.66 and -3.17, respectively. The contributions of land use/cover change and P reduction to decreased Q were 64.75% and 41.55%, respectively, while those to decreased R-c were 75.68% and 32.06%, respectively. In contrast, the decreased E-0 resulted in 6.30% and 7.73% increase of Q and R-c, respectively. The contribution of land use/cover changes was significantly and positively correlated with the increase in the percentage of the soil and water conservation measures area (p < 0.05). The R-c significantly and linearly decreased with the vegetation coverage (p < 0.01). Moreover, the R-c linearly decreased with the percentage of measures area in all catchments (eight of them were statistically significant with p < 0.05). (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Department城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
KeywordStreamflow Runoff Coefficient Climate Variability Land Use/cover Change Elasticity Method Loess Plateau
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttps://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/35550
Collection城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gao, Guangyao,Fu, Bojie,Wang, Shuai,et al. Determining the hydrological responses to climate variability and land use/cover change in the Loess Plateau with the Budyko framework[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2016,557(0):331-342.
APA Gao, Guangyao,Fu, Bojie,Wang, Shuai,Liang, Wei,&Jiang, Xiaohui.(2016).Determining the hydrological responses to climate variability and land use/cover change in the Loess Plateau with the Budyko framework.SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,557(0),331-342.
MLA Gao, Guangyao,et al."Determining the hydrological responses to climate variability and land use/cover change in the Loess Plateau with the Budyko framework".SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 557.0(2016):331-342.
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