RCEES OpenIR  > 城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
Alternative TitleImpacts of land-based human activities on coastal and offshore marine ecosystems
吕永龙; 苑晶晶; 李奇锋; 张悦清; 吕笑天; 苏超
Source Publication生态学报
Other AbstractWith rapid urbanization and economic development along the coast,the impacts of land-based human activities on coastal and offshore marine ecosystems have been significantly increased. This paper presented the impacts through literature synthesis and discussions with international experts, which are mainly caused by the exploitation of marine resources, coastal urbanization,and environmental change. Over exploitation of marine biotic resources,coastal eutrophication,ocean acidification, coral reef degradation, marine litter, and increasing pollution of heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants due to intensive coastal industrialization have become the major challenges and problems for coastal and offshore ecosystems. With changes in marine biological community structure, deteriorating water quality,and declining marine biodiversity,those chanllenges and problems will change the functioning of marine ecosystem services and thus threaten the health of the marine ecosystem. Since the major issues of coastal and offshore ecosystems stem from land-based activities, land and ocean should be considered as a single system when addressing them. Therefore, scientific plans on land-ocean interactions should be integrated to conserve and to ensure the sustainable use of marine resources and the sustainable management of coastal ecosystems.
Keyword陆海相互作用 近海生态系统 重金属污染 持久性有机污染物污染 富营养化
Document Type期刊论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
吕永龙,苑晶晶,李奇锋,等. 陆源人类活动对近海生态系统的影响[J]. 生态学报,2016,36(5):1183-1191.
APA 吕永龙,苑晶晶,李奇锋,张悦清,吕笑天,&苏超.(2016).陆源人类活动对近海生态系统的影响.生态学报,36(5),1183-1191.
MLA 吕永龙,et al."陆源人类活动对近海生态系统的影响".生态学报 36.5(2016):1183-1191.
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