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The role of biochar properties in influencing the sorption and desorption of Pb(II), Cd(II) and As(III) in aqueous solution
Zama, Eric F.; Zhu, Yong-Guan; Reid, Brian J.; Sun, Gou-Xin
2017-04-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
Volume148Pages:127-136
AbstractThe chemical and physical properties of 20 biochars produced at 350, 450, 550 and 650 degrees C were investigated to determine the key roles they play in the sorption and desorption of three potentially toxic elements (Pb, Cd, As). Biochar surfaces were studied using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Organic functional groups (e.g. -COOH, C=O, C-X), inorganic minerals (CaCO3, SiO2, Ca2Si5O10 center dot 3H(2)O) and cations (K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+) controlled sorption significantly while physical properties (morphology, surface area) showed little influence on the sorption of potentially toxic elements. Four major mechanisms accounted for the exceptionally high Pb(II) sorption by all 20 biochars (97.5-99.8%) while Cd(II) and As(III) sorption (<90% and 42% respectively) were controlled by two mechanisms (precipitation and electrostatic attraction) only. Thermodynamic studies suggested that Pb and Cd sorption on a majority of biochars was spontaneous and endothermic while As sorption was also endothermic but not spontaneous. Sorbed PTEs were observed to be very stable over a wide range of pH values (3.5-9.5) with desorption ranging from 0.2 to 16.5%. Detailed understanding of how biochar surface properties interact with PTEs increases the possibility of developing cost effective and engineered biochars with exceptional sorption characteristics. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
KeywordBiochar Property Sorption Capacity Potentially Toxic Element Ph
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttps://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/39132
Collection城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zama, Eric F.,Zhu, Yong-Guan,Reid, Brian J.,et al. The role of biochar properties in influencing the sorption and desorption of Pb(II), Cd(II) and As(III) in aqueous solution[J]. JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION,2017,148:127-136.
APA Zama, Eric F.,Zhu, Yong-Guan,Reid, Brian J.,&Sun, Gou-Xin.(2017).The role of biochar properties in influencing the sorption and desorption of Pb(II), Cd(II) and As(III) in aqueous solution.JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION,148,127-136.
MLA Zama, Eric F.,et al."The role of biochar properties in influencing the sorption and desorption of Pb(II), Cd(II) and As(III) in aqueous solution".JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION 148(2017):127-136.
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