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Recovery of Re(VII) from strongly acidic wastewater using sulphide: Acceleration by UV irradiation and the underlying mechanism
Cai, Xianquan; Kong, Linghao; Hu, Xingyun; Peng, Xianjia
2021-08-15
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
ISSN0304-3894
Volume416Pages:-
AbstractStrongly acidic wastewater generated from the molybdenum and copper smelting process is of great value for recycling sulfuric acid and valuable metals, such as rhenium (Re). Herein, a high Re(VII) (HReO4) recovery efficiency of 99% within 35 min from strongly acidic wastewater was successfully achieved by using sulphide coupled with ultraviolet (UV) light, and soluble Re(VII) precipitated as Re2S7 in this process. Mechanistic experiments showed that the intermediate Re-S species (i.e., HReO3S) was the dominant limitation responsible for Re(VII) precipitation in the dark, and UV irradiation dramatically accelerated the generation and conversion of HReO3S by inducing the formation of HS center dot and H center dot. The H center dot produced from the photodissociation of H2S promoted HReO4 transformation to H2ReO4 center dot, which rapidly reacted with HS center dot to produce HReO3S, accelerating the conversion of HReO4. The radical-induced acceleration can also take place during the HReO3S conversion by slowly introducing H2S into the strongly acidic wastewater to continuously produce H center dot and HS center dot. This work offers an insight into the improvement of Re(VII) recovery by UV light, which can be potentially applied into resource recovery from strongly acidic wastewater.
Department环境水质学国家重点实验室
KeywordRe(VII) recovery Strongly acidic wastewater Sulphide precipitation Active free radicals Ultraviolet light
WOS Research AreaEngineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttps://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/45986
Collection环境水质学国家重点实验室
Affiliation1.Guangxi Univ, Sch Resources Environm & Mat, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Environm Aquat Chem, Res Ctr Ecoenvironm Sci, Beijing 100085, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Engn Lab Ind Wastewater Treatment, Res Ctr Ecoenvironm Sci, Beijing 100085, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cai, Xianquan,Kong, Linghao,Hu, Xingyun,et al. Recovery of Re(VII) from strongly acidic wastewater using sulphide: Acceleration by UV irradiation and the underlying mechanism[J]. JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS,2021,416:-.
APA Cai, Xianquan,Kong, Linghao,Hu, Xingyun,&Peng, Xianjia.(2021).Recovery of Re(VII) from strongly acidic wastewater using sulphide: Acceleration by UV irradiation and the underlying mechanism.JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS,416,-.
MLA Cai, Xianquan,et al."Recovery of Re(VII) from strongly acidic wastewater using sulphide: Acceleration by UV irradiation and the underlying mechanism".JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS 416(2021):-.
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