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Check dam sediments: an important indicator of the effects of environmental changes on soil erosion in the Loess Plateau in China
Wang, Yafeng; Chen, Liding; Fu, Bojie; Lu, Yihe
2014
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
ISSN0167-6369
Volume186Issue:7Pages:4275-4287
AbstractCheck dam sediments document the process of soil erosion for a watershed. The main objectives of this research are as follows: first, to determine whether the sediments trapped in check dams can provide useful information about local erosion and the environment, and second, to obtain the extent to which they can be stratigraphically interpreted and correlated to the land use history of an area controlled by check dams. Particle size and the concentration of Cs-137 in sediments are the indicators used to study the effects of environmental changes on soil erosion in the Loess Plateau, China. A total of 216 soil samples were collected from four sediment profile cores at the Yangjuangou watershed check dam constructed in 1955 and fully silted with sediments by 1965. The results indicated that Cs-137 dating and sediment particle size can characterize the sediment deposition process. Silt makes up more than 50 % of the sediment; both the clay and silt sediment fractions decrease gradually in the upstream direction. The sediment profiles are characterized by three depositional layers. These layers suggest changes in the land use. The top layer showed tillage disturbance, with moderate sediments and new soil mixed from 0 to 20 cm. A transition stage from wetlands (characterized by vegetation such as bulrush) to cropland is inferred from sediments at depths of 20-85 cm. Below 85 cm, sedimentary layering is obvious and there is no tillage disturbance. At the downstream site, A0, the average rate of sediment deposition from 1958 to 1963 was approximately 6,125.4 t year(-1) km(-2). Because of their high time resolution, check dam sediments indicate the effects of environmental changes on soil erosion, and they can provide a multiyear record of the soil erosion evolution at the local scale in the middle reaches of the Yellow River.
Department城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
KeywordCheck Dam Sediment Cs-137((137)-cesium) Soil Erosion Environmental Change
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttps://ir.rcees.ac.cn/handle/311016/9121
Collection城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Yafeng,Chen, Liding,Fu, Bojie,et al. Check dam sediments: an important indicator of the effects of environmental changes on soil erosion in the Loess Plateau in China[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT,2014,186(7):4275-4287.
APA Wang, Yafeng,Chen, Liding,Fu, Bojie,&Lu, Yihe.(2014).Check dam sediments: an important indicator of the effects of environmental changes on soil erosion in the Loess Plateau in China.ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT,186(7),4275-4287.
MLA Wang, Yafeng,et al."Check dam sediments: an important indicator of the effects of environmental changes on soil erosion in the Loess Plateau in China".ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT 186.7(2014):4275-4287.
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